Botox Santa Barbara
What is Botolinum toxin?
Botolinum toxin A is a highly purified muscle-relaxing agent derived from the bacterium, Clostridium Botulinum and belongs to a group of drugs known as neurotoxins. The toxin is marketed by different companies with names such as Onabotulinum toxin A (Botox ®), Abobotulinum toxin A (Dysport ®), and Incobotulinum toxin A (Xeomin ®). It is FDA approved for treatment of wrinkles between eyebrows and crow’s feet. Most physicians use Botulinum toxin A to treat wrinkles in many other parts of the face.
Botulinum toxin A injections are the most common cosmetic procedure performed today.
How does Botulinum toxin A work?
Botulinum toxin A causes a temporary relaxation of the muscle into which it is injected by preventing muscle contraction.
The nerves in the body stimulate the movement and contraction of specific muscles. The nerve sends a message to the muscle to contract by releasing a substance known as acetylcholine. When acetylcholine is released from the nerve into the adjacent muscle, the muscle receives the message to contract.
Botulinum toxin A enters the nerve ending and blocks the release of this acetylcholine. Consequently, the muscle does not get the message to contract and is temporarily paralyzed.
What does Botulinum toxin A accomplish?
Years of muscle contraction will cause permanent changes in the overlying skin leading to creases and wrinkles.
Botulinum toxin A softens or prevents creases by limiting the ability of the underlying muscles to contract.
Botulinum toxin A is most commonly used to treat the creases between the eyebrows caused by frowning, the creases across the forehead due to raising the brows, and the crows feet that develop from smiling.
The use of Botulinum toxin A is also extending to the lower third of the face. Botulinum toxin A is being used to treat wrinkles around the lips, decrease deep nasolabial folds, soften prominent neck bands, and lift the downward turn of the corner of the mouth that occurs with aging.
How is it done?
A small needle is used to inject a tiny amount of Botulinum toxin A into the muscles that are causing the wrinkles. Several injections are given per specific muscle.
There is a slight stinging sensation that lasts a few seconds after the injection. Ice is helpful with the discomfort.
It takes approximately 3 -7 days for the Botulinum toxin A to begin working. The full effect of Botox Cosmetic is normally seen after 10 days.
How long does the effect of Botulinum toxin A last?
Each individual’s response to Botulinum toxin A varies depending on the individual metabolism of the drug but in general, the therapeutic effect of Botulinum toxin A will last approximately 3 months. Consequently, most people require Botulinum toxin A injections approximately 4 times per year in order to maintain its effect.
What are the potential risks following Botulinum toxin A injections?
Complications are rare but may include relaxation of other nearby muscles, headache, local numbness, rash, and bruising.
If injected for the wrinkles between the eyes or along the forehead, Botulinum toxin A may cause a temporary drooping of the eyelid or the brow by relaxing part of the muscle that normally elevates the upper lid or the brow.
Who is not a candidate for Botulinum toxin A injections?
Patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy or chemotherapy need to speak to their physician prior to receiving Botulinum toxin A.
Active inflammatory skin reactions such as herpetic blisters, rashes, or hives in the area to be injected necessitate resolution of condition until injection of Botulinum toxin A.
Safety of Botulinum toxin A in pregnancy and breastfeeding has not been established and should be avoided.